One 19th century prank by French naturalist Constantine Rafinesque in 1818 was so extensive and so well executed that its full scope is only coming to light nearly a century later on Audubon – currently known as world famous environmental organization dedicated to conservation.
11 fake fishs, 3 fake snails, 2 fake birds, with 1 fake mollusk, 2 fake plants, and 9 fake rats.
Pranks itself are meant to be discovered—what’s the purpose in in fooling someone if they never know they’ve been fooled? One 19th century prank, done by John James Audubon on his naturalist college, was so in depth, so well executer, that its full realization is just discovered nearly a century later.
The prank began once the French naturalist Constantine Rafinesque sought-after on Audubon on a journey down the Ohio in 1818. Audubon was years off from business Birds in America, however even then he was better-known among colleagues for his zoological science drawings. Rafinesque was searching for new species and he imagined that Audubon might unknowingly include some nameless specimens in his sketches.
Rafinesque was a very enthusiastic on naming species: throughout his career as a naturalist, he named approximately 2700 plant genera and around 6700 species.
By the 1870s, reality about the fish had been found. In any case, the fish were just piece of Audubon’s trick. In another paper in the Archives of Natural History, Neal Woodman, a caretaker at Smithsonian’s regular history historical center, points of interest its more full degree: Audubon additionally created no less than two winged animals, a brachiopod “trivalved”, two plants, three snails, and nine wild rats, all of which Rafinesque acknowledged as genuine. For 50 or so years, those 11 fish stayed in the experimental record as genuine species, regardless of their extremely bizarre components, including impenetrable (!) scales.